Every day human are emitting more and more Co2 into the atmosphere which is inevitably related to and energy production up to 73.2 percent of all the Co2 emissions. In addition, human are extremely tend to increase the energy consumption rate, while fossil fuel, which is the main source of depleting energy is gradually runs out. This has made many countries around the world turn their attention to alternative energy that solves both the problems of the increasing energy consumption and the co2 emissions from energy production. There has been a lot of participation in the drafting of international treaties and technological developments. For example, there has been an attempt to shift the share of energy from alternative energy globally from 24 percent to 84 percent by 2050
There are 6 types of alternative energy: solar energy, wind energy, wave energy, hydropower, geothermal energy, and biomass energy.
This project aims to focus on wind energy because of its efficiency in adapting or high scalabilities, low environmental impact after an operation, and its inexhaustible energy as long as the world keeps spinning. Wind power itself can be divided into two types: onshore wind power which is cheap energy. But it has low stability and offshore wind power with a high cost of energy generation. But it can produces energy more stably and has not been developed to suit our country conditions, which is the aim of this project.
The development of this project involves numbers of factors, including physical factors of the geography that directly affects the wind, academic data and research studies, Location of the existing wind farm, social acceptance, and also the amount of electricity consumption and production in the region to select the proper project location that to be able to maximize benefits at the macro level
As a result project area was located on Khanom Subdistrict, Khanom District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province.
In part of the Criteria, The aspect of design considerations is the suitability of wind speeds for space usage. Including wind power generation and the design of the vegetation that changed the effect of the wind.
In part of Site Analysis, we can summarize it as Site Summary as shown in the diagram and translated to the site summary which informs the zoning in the design.
By analyzing the contents of the site and winds, creating a wind-based line that can be divided into weaker winds and stronger winds.
Combined with a Grid that Aligns with Surrounding Context, created the Masterplan.
In the Masterplan, when entering, you will find the energy production area that is situated next to the Campus core area. On the opposite side across the road are the campus’s residential and public areas for learning. The part that adjacent to the sea and the gorge is the part for wind energy experiments and future expansion.
The first detail part is called Education and energy. It consists of programs related to administrative building education building and various energy landscapes.
The planting design was to use trees in a group of evergreen forests, including the use of Jacaranda mimosifolia trees as a line in the area of the school building reflecting the identity of Songkhla University which is the host of the project.
The corridors are designed to connect the building and to increase interaction and continuity in use.
Each building has a water management consideration. With a green roof design that can support the installation of solar panels as well.
In the second detail part, the residential area. The overall design of the area is to divide the hardscape and soft scape areas in a balanced way. Also balancing the activities both indoor and outdoor.
Material selection and the vegetation design are similar to the first detail part but selected the plants that give more shade in the area between the buildings.
The building has a green roof and can generate energy from sunlight as well.
The 3rd part are the area of learning activities and public areas.
The area design takes into account the prevailing wind blowing, with an open area in the middle where the wind can be fully-blown.
The materials is also designed to have a gradient of use of high-natural materials down to synthetic materials in the depths of space.