Chiang Mai challenge : The project area is located in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. During the past 10 years, Chiang Mai has expanded rapidly. But the lack of systematic development causes various problems. The project area of 206 rai is located at the Chiang Mai Railway Station, comprising a railway station, an abandoned park and a railway community. In the future, there will be high-speed trains entering the area.
Summary of what happened in Chiang Mai, lack of green areas, lack of identity of the area, problems with the cost of dust, increasing number of tourists and lack of connection of space. It leads to what our area will be for Chiang Mai. The first thing is to connect the city’s network in various aspects. The second is an area to honor and revitalize Chiang Mai culture. And finally, to be urban green infrastructure for the city.
Project User : There are approximately 46000 users in the project, which can be divided into 22000 primary users comprised of employees, workers, students, and 24000 sub-users who travel from various forms of public transport. Factors affecting the program : And from the analysis of all the factors of the program of the project. which can be divided into 5 parts. Framework : From the area of the project that has a small area but has high potential. It brings to the concept of stacking the usage of each area at different times, which are used differently in each season and stacking the usage of space vertically. Which can be laid down in the diagram as follows.
1st Vision ‘Connectivity’ : It is a connection point in the project area. Connect the cultural route to Tha Phae Gate. It connects footpaths, bike paths and connects the park along the Ping River. The first area is Charoen Muang Road to the moat. Connecting all 3 forms, the fire of pakistan tree is used to respond to the brick walkway showing the uniqueness of the moat. Allocate pedestrian walkways along with bike paths and a Rain garden to connect green areas. The second area is Charoen Muang Road connecting to the outskirts of the city. Emphasis on communication connections Therefore, adding sidewalks and focusing on green areas for the surrounding communities.
2nd Vision ‘Chiang Mai identity’ : Chiang mai identity is to restore and glorify of Chiang Mai. By restoring the old identity that is about to disappear, including Khuang, an open courtyard that serves as a transition area, Shophouses on Tha Phae road with unique patterns of sun protection, and Lanna architecture buildings. Next is to bring the old identity that is already good to glorify it to stand out including gad or market cultural exchange trading area, multipurpose event space and the province’s unique sarong pattern in geometric form. 3rd Vision ‘Urban green infrastructure’ : First is Green infrastructure that include trees filter dust, trap dust, trees block the sight and a roof garden that reduces heat to the building. Secound is Blue infrastructure that include retention pond the well supports water in the rainy season and the area can be used in summer and winter, permeable paver and water front view
Project planning direction. From the flow of people can enter the project area and create 4 nodes. The core of the project has 4 main axis caused by train station building, The former railway station building, which is the landmark of the area, park axis and the sub-axis connect the main axis. Openspace of the project is formed by nodes and axis. It is used to connect spaces and open up views. There will be a main loop in the front garden and sub distributed to various areas with a continuous path to the back area. The project area has trees to filter dust around and trap dust inside. With a roof garden to reduce heat. And the project water management includes a surface drain, roof drain, and groundwater pipes that carry water into the project well and can be recycled.
Chiang Mai park detail : This area will have more access. The open space is therefore mainly sized according to the accessibility of people. There will be outstanding characteristics of use in each season as well.
Entrance perspective : The first view into the project will see an open water well as an openspace that draws people in. There is a waterfront pavilion and a simple wooden bridge that can be added as part of the exhibition.
Landmark train station axis : Summer and winter perspective : The multipurpose area in front is an open courtyard that shows the view of the project’s pond, extending all the way to the entrance to draw people into the inner area. In the area, there are big trees surrounding from the axis of the old abandoned garden.
Landmark train station axis : Rainy season perspective : In the rainy season, the open courtyard becomes a retention pond used to support large amounts of water from the rain due to its low density usage.
Transition axis perspective : The core area uses tall Gurjan trees to open the view to the mixed use building. There is a flexible pavilion designed to be foldable and can be change the shape according to the needs of each point of use.
Landmark train station axis : Summer and winter perspective : The axis area is openspace from the amphitherther through the multiperpose area and plaza to the train musuem where we can see the former station building as a landmark at the end of the eye, with the Bastard Teak tree to guide the eyes.
Landmark train station axis : Rainy season perspective : In the rainy season, usage becomes lighter. Bastard teak tree blossoms are sprinkled to reveal a panoramic view of the area and the station. The building’s fasad draws the shape from the gable and the sarong pattern connects to the floor lines. Fin design as a pattern Connected to commercial buildings along Tha Phae Road Using the main elements are bricks, steel, glass to mix modernity into the era.
Roof garden perspective : The roof garden is connected to the building. Open to see a wide angle of the whole garden. Emphasis on plants, airy, light and comfortable.
Wellness park and train community detail : This area will focus on the living of the railway community and the park for the surrounding community. The plants chosen were edible fruit trees for cooking and the purple ones were used to express the uniqueness of the area.
Train community unit roof garden : A bird’s-eye view of an edible garden on the roof and the trees are fruitful for sustainable cooking. Using Tabaek trees and hai bungor trees inserted into the original trees to be the highlight of this zone.
Finally, our project will ensure the continuity of the city in terms of transportation. culture and green space. It is a new people’s center that indicates Lanna identity. And finally, there is a green area that improves the quality of life for Chiang Mai people.